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Sports injuries - occur in athletic activities. They can result from acute trauma, or from overuse of a particular body part.

Traumatic injuries can include:

In sports medicine, a catastrophic injury is defined as severe trauma to the human head, spine, or brain.

Concussions in sports became a major issue in the United States in the 2000s, as evidence connected repeated concussions and subconcussive hits with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and increased suicide risk. CTE is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain found in people with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including symptomatic concussions as well as subconcussive hits to the head that do not cause symptoms. It is most pronounced in football, and a related ailment (dementia pugilistica) afflicts boxers, but is also seen in other sports, and in females and adolescents.

Overuse and repetitive stress injury problems associated with sports include:

The Seven Most Common Sports Injuries-Overuse syndrome:

What you need to know about preventing and treating the seven most common sports injuries

1.     -Ankle sprain

2.     - Groin pull

3.     - Hamstring strain

4.     -Shin splints

5.     -Knee injury: ACL tear

6.     -Knee injury: Patellofemoral syndrome — injury resulting from the repetitive movement of your kneecap against your thigh bone

7.     -Tennis elbow (epicondylitis)

How to prevent and treat these common sports injuries —

The most common sports injuries are strains and sprains

Sprains are injuries to ligaments, the tough bands connecting bones in a joint. Suddenly stretching ligaments past their limits deforms or tears them. Strains are injuries to muscle fibers or tendons, which anchor muscles to bones. Strains are called “pulled muscles” for a reason: Over-stretching or overusing a muscle causes tears in the muscle fibers or tendons.

Preventing the most common sports injuries

Sometimes preventing common sports injuries is beyond our control, but many times sports injuries are preventable.  Some injuries occur because we're not conditioned for the activity. Our advice: “Work out daily and get double benefit — enjoy your weekend activities and garner the health benefits.”

Every workout should start with a gentle warm-up to prevent common sports injuries. Getting warmed up increases blood flow to the muscles, gets you more flexible, and could decrease injuries.

Overuse injuries are common and preventable. Don't come out and hit the ball for an hour after not playing for a while. Whether it's hiking, running, or team sports, do some pre-participation training, first by lightly working the relevant muscle groups in the weeks before the activity.

And learn to recognize when you've already left it all on the field. Stop when you are fatigued. Muscle fatigue takes away all your protective mechanisms and really increases your risk of all injuries. You can always come out to play again next weekend.



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